Understanding Real Estate Laws in Nepal

  • By: preposhan
  • July 31, 2023

Understanding Real Estate Laws in Nepal

            Real estate investing is an attractive plan, but it also has its share of difficulties, particularly when negotiating with the legal system. With its fascinating scenery and extensive cultural history, Nepal has been drawing more and more investors interested in the country’s real estate market. However, an in-depth awareness of the laws regulating real estate transactions in Nepal is essential to guarantee a successful and trouble-free property transaction. To provide investors with the information they need to negotiate the legal complexity and make wise judgments, we shall examine the key concepts of Nepal’s real estate laws in this blog.

  • Ownership Restrictions and Types

The first step in understanding Nepal’s real estate regulations is to be familiar with the various categories of property ownership. There are primarily two categories: freehold and leasehold. Freehold ownership grants the owner full rights over the property, including the right to transfer, sell, or lease it. Leasehold ownership, on the other hand, involves leasing the land for a specific period from the government or private landowners. Before making any investing decisions, it is essential to be informed of these limitations.

  • Property Ceiling Act:

An essential factor in Nepal’s real estate market is the Land Ceiling Act. It limits the total quantity of land that a person or family may possess. Addressing land-related disparities and ensuring a fairer allocation of land resources are the key goals of this legislation. Investors should check whether the seller has surpassed the permitted land ceiling before buying land or other property to prevent any potential legal issues. According to the Land (Eighth Amendment) Act-2020, a person can own as much as 10 Bigha land in the Terai region, 25 ropani in the Kathmandu Valley, and 70 ropani in the hilly areas.


  • Do Your Research

In any real estate deal, proper investigation is a fundamental step. This procedure includes confirming the ownership, borders, and existence of any liens, mortgages, or other financial obligations on the land. You may assist in guaranteeing that the property’s legal status is transparent and free of any conflicts or issues by hiring a knowledgeable lawyer or a respected real estate firm to do due diligence on your behalf.

  • Documentation and Registration

In Nepal, registering the property transaction is required to guarantee its legality and authority. The registration procedure requires the presence of both the buyer and the seller, as well as witnesses and lawyers. The registration procedure safeguards the buyer’s rights as well as the investment’s future by proving ownership legally.

  • Taxation

To prevent any unexpected financial responsibilities, it is essential to understand the tax implications of real estate transactions in Nepal. Several taxes, including registration tax, stamp duty, capital gains tax, and property tax, are levied on real estate transactions. In Nepal’s municipal regions, purchasers, and sellers each pay 5% and 7% of the reported worth of the land, respectively, for registration certificates.  In rural areas, the tax rate is 7% of the declared value which is paid only by buyers.

  • Foreign Investment Rules

It’s crucial for international investors to be informed of Nepal’s real estate investment laws. Foreigners aren’t allowed to own land, however, they are allowed to buy flats and homes under certain circumstances. Non-resident foreigners are permitted to own residential property, assuming they do not sell it to another non-resident foreigner. Foreign investors can make wise investment selections that follow the law by being aware of these rules.



For any investor hoping to make a profitable investment in this magical country, understanding the laws and regulations of real estate transactions in Nepal is crucial. Understanding the various forms of property ownership, limitations on foreign ownership, the Land Ceiling Act, careful consideration, registration, taxation, and foreign investment laws are all essential issues that need to be carefully considered.

Before engaging in any real estate deal, seeking professional advice from qualified lawyers and real estate experts who are familiar with the legal framework and local regulations is highly recommended. Investors may confidently negotiate the laws with the correct information and direction, ensuring that their real estate investment in Nepal is not only profitable but also ethically and legally sound. Unluck the immense potential in Nepal’s Real Estate market ” Happy Investing ” with Purbeli Real Estate.

About Us:

Purbeli Real Estate is a registered real estate company located in Damak-05, Jhapa established to develop professional real estate services.  Since 2022 AD (2078) BS, Purbeli Real Estate has been providing quality services to sell/buy/rent your land/house/apartment. To know more about us connect with us at: 

Facebook: पूर्वेली Real Estate
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Website: Purbeli Real Estate

Call us on 023-580777 or 9842666298. You can visit our office at Damak-05, Jhapa (next to the Inland Revenue Office). 

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